1/1/16 THE ERODING SIMUNJAN nan hilang.
Simunjan, is a district within the present Samarahan division. Indeed in the 1970s, Simunjan used to be referred as Lower Sadong in relation to Serian which formed the Upper Sadong. In the olden history of Sarawak, Simunjan is a state by its own, known as Kerajaan Sadong. Since 1980s, both districts are now referred as Simunjan and Serian. Simunjan, Serian and Samaharan indeed departed from the larger Kuching divison to form the new Samarahan division. Sadong is kept to name the river that transcends both districts. Indeed today, Serian has departed from Samarahan to form a Division by its own making Serian dominant Dayak Bidayuh and Samarahan more Malays. Indeed administratively, Simunjan territorially had been swaying between the larger Simunjan and Samarahan district. In 1990s, Simunjan lost the Sadong Jaya sub district to Asajaya to justified for the upgrading of Asajaya from a sub district to a district. Instead of having four sub districts, Simunjan is now left with only two which is Sebuyau and Simunjan per se. Even with the upgrading of Serian into a division, Gedong which form the Upper Sadong sub district of Simunjan is now being alienated as a new district by itself and to be part and parcel of the Serian division. Simunjan seem continues to lost its territories to her neighbours enlargement justification. In term of political delineation, Simunjan is now to depart partially with the Sadong Jaya. My Kampong (together with six other villages) is now part of Simunjan political division rather staying with the whole of Sadong Jaya. In a sense, administratively such arrangement is great yet in the long run economic wealth, Simunjan could be on the disadvantage position. To me if Simunjan is to be divided, be it on political and or administrative ground, it should be clearly demarcated by the natural boundary. Simunjan should be dedicatedly designated as area to the East of Batang Sadong, while those to the West should be lumped as Asajaya.
(2) Based from the local Iban native narration, the name Simunjan was derived from a name of a bird called Munjan. This species of bird was abundant within the Gunung Ngeli-Buri natural mountain forest. Today, the bird is hardly seen as the roaming area had been extensively disturbed by the shifting cultivation, logging and oil palm plantation development. Indeed it is a very wise move that the Council had made an effort to erect an arc of the Munjan birds at the Simunjan Town Square for the present and future generation historical acquittance. Personally, I had never known that Simunjan is named after the Munjan bird, and worst still I for sure had never seen the bird alive. Only upon my late enquiry of the arc that I was informed, those were the source for the name of Si-Munjan (which means the Munjan).
(3) Simunjan is my district birth place. My ancestors who migrated out of Java, Rhiau, Sumatera and Kalimantan (Brunei) at the Dutch colonization, had made what in those day called Sadong, their new found land. My Javanese-Rhiau maternal ancestors initially resided at Pendam and now renamed as Sadong Jaya while my Sumatera-Kalimantan paternal ancestors resided in Simunjan. Though I started my primary schooling at my maternal place ie at Sg Putin Primary School (nothing to do with Vladimir Putin, the Russian President) , but I finished off the primary education at my paternal side of Simunjan (Sekolah Rendah Abang Man). I left Simunjan to pursue my further education in Peninsula Malaysia and upon my return in 1986, I decided to reside at Kg Terasi, Sadong Jaya to this day. I choose to reside among my Javanese-blood maternal family in order to connect myself and In Shaa Allah my future generations with the Javanese culture. Keeping the Javanese blood to flow in the family to me is important, for who knows, it will have its own future merit. One immediate advantage that I could foresee by doing so is to keep the Javanese culinary alive and to be the family commercial wealth. Allah indeed had made the world so diversified, and I think we should manage things as He had wisely created. Indeed the very tenet of our creation is to be the caliph to manage all His other creations for the good of all mankind.
(8) Indeed, when the Masterplan was been prepared for a new Simunjan Township development, the thought at such point in time was to move Simujan Town from where it is to the much hinterland which is about three kilometers from the existing location ie closer to the foothill of Gunung Ngeli. Nonetheless looking at it from a much Strategic Economic Perspective, today I would say, such intent should be of a second option. To me the best economic option would be to keep Simunjan to the existing location. The very reason is simple. Simunjan had been established to serve the coastal and riverine area of Batang Sadong. With the construction of Batang Sadong Bridge, Simunjan will be much needed to serve the riverine and coastal area of the region. Simunjan should be kept to its historical location, role and advantages. A smaller service center could be developed to serve the hinterland ex-Simunjan (which is now part of Serian). Nonetheless, the erosion problem affecting Simujan must be resolved. Such effort would require to put together both geo-technical and geographical consideration. Geologically, Simunjan is located on a very weak soft ground. Peatland where Simunjan was founded is considered a very loose and weak soil structure. Hyper hydraulic king tide water pressure would shaken the river bank foundation and thus erosion is naturally unavoidable. The reason for this is simple. Let look closely at the physical formation of Batang Sadong. The above map should be of good help. Sarawak, Samarahan, Sadong, Lupar and Saribas rivers' mouth formed the Muara Tebas Bay. The Muara Tebas Bay indeed is a shallow sea bed (shelf). The term Muara Tebas which literally means killing field indeed signifies the dangerous big wave for coastal boats created by the moonson in the area due to the shallow nature of the bay. During the king tides period ie the 13-17th and 27th-2nd lunar of the Muslim Calendar, the concave bay and shallow formations of the Muara Tebas Bay made the ocean water (tide) rush into the area. This phenomena is just like pouring water through a cone shape funnel. The tide rush then take in the form of hyper hydraulic forces that swaps all the way up river. In both Sadong and Lupar, this hyper hydraullic forces then turned into the tidal bore phenomena. The circular hydraulic force created by the tidal bore indeed I believe is the main vibration force that weaken the river bank foundation. River bank erosion is always highly associated to this king tide tidal bore rush in both Sadong and Lupar rivers. And if one cares to closely observe the formation of the Sadong River, the river indeed is very winding. Not only it is winding, the river seem to have a sharp narrowing as its goes upriver. Definitely in Allah engineering perspective, the winding nature of the Sadong River has its advantages, hikmah. My best thought is its facilitates to contain the sea water flooding to the hinterland and as well as to slow down the tide rush. Nonetheless, the tide slow down is benefiting to the further hinterland, not to the advantage of Simunjan Town. Simunjan Town indeed suffer badly from the winding and quick narrow drop of the river. Despite such, let then take it as a challenge from Allah of our intelligent mind and people patient serving heart on how to resolve the people suffering from the effect of this phenomena.
(12) Indeed, through Simunjan Erosion, Allah gives us a broader wisdom to solve our greater future problem ie Water Supply, except probably we are too Roman Popular Capitalist-Political Incline that the greater Al-Mighty Allah wisdom we never want to explore to the best. SubhannaaAllah.
26 January, 2016